International scientific conference was held in the IIEL
The next International Scientific and Practical Conference «XXI Century: Russia and the world in a radically changing society» was held on 15-17 April 2013 in the MIEP. As previous international conferences, the current one got together leading scientists, experts, representatives of business and government, young researchers from around the world to discuss the most urgent problems of modern science and practice.
Plenary session of the International Conference was opened by the Rector of the MIEP, PhD, Professor Alexander KOSEVICH, who stressed the significance and importance of the scientific forum for getting together researchers, practitioners, representatives of public authorities, the leading Russian and foreign organizations. International Institute of Economics and Law is a modern progressive school, developing their own unique problem-search technology and distance education, which pays much attention to scientific work, conducts relevant research in the field of economics and law, international cooperation with other universities of Russian and foreign scientific and educational institutions. The Rector expressed his confidence that this conference would be useful to all participants. He thanked those present for their active interest in scientific activity of the MIEP and wished them fruitful work and enthusiastic constructive dialogue.
As the Vice President for Research and methodological work, candidate of economic sciences, professor Margarita GLADKOVA noted that the thematic scope of the conference was not limited to the problems of economics and law. Scientific Forum 2013 attracted philosophers, historians, linguists, psychologists, mathematicians, scientists and experts in many fields of knowledge of the MIEP.
The geographical coverage of the annual scientific forum was significantly expanded. This year, the conference was attended by about a hundred scientists from 20 countries: Russia, China, the U.S.A., France, Brazil, Slovakia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Abkhazia, Chad, Yemen, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Nigeria and other countries. The number of Russian and foreign scientists who participated in the conference by correspondence also expanded. "We are pleased to provide scientists of all countries and continents the platform for exchange the ideas, concepts, opinions, and the results of their scientific research," - she said in conclusion.
The report "Science as a chance for overcoming the current turbulent world" was made by supervisor of the Faculty of Economics and Management of the MIEP, doctor of economic sciences, professor Galina ZHURAVLEVA. Having opening the characteristics of the formation of a new civilization that inevitably require the creation of a new economy and meet modern requirements, she drew attention to the fact that it is science to determine the necessary steps to create an economy. At the present stage, in her opinion, the usual problems failed against the needs for the survival of the humanity. To survive, we need a new model of consumption that only science can offer. As the main obstacles to the creation of a new economic prof. G. Zhuravleva called rampant consumerism, the mismatch of human development level of the material-technical base. As a striking refrain sounded her idea of the needs of intellectualization of the population. According to prof. G. Zhuravleva, the industrial science in Russia has actually led to its death, as the level of science has fallen below a critical level. Science is optimal for public funding as a private business and is not ready to invest without guaranteing a quick profit. According to G. Zhuravleva the reasons are in an inefficient allocation of resources, resource development model, "working on Western science" as well as the fact that the scientific literature is in small circulation, insufficient public satisfaction with the results of science, there is a brain drain, there is a lack of awareness of the population about science and its achievements. As a way out of this situation, the speaker suggested, that the development should be integrated - environmental, social, humanitarian, moral and economic.
Great interest among the participants of the conference was paid to the report of the chief of the Office of International Relations of the National Bank of Slovakia Vladimir MARTVON "Creation of the European Banking Association: challenges and problems." Noting that the creation of the European Union's bank - this is actually a problem not only for Europe but also for Russia, he singled out one of the preconditions for the merger into a single system - the economic crisis. It was it that allowed to understand that we need a common mechanism to deal with the crisis in all the countries of Europe. Then V. Martvon spoke how to create a stabilization fund that subsequently requiring EU countries would receive assistance to support its banking system in the event of a crisis. In his opinion, it is necessary that this common fund could monitor not only the country in which there will be the bank, but all the participating countries. For this it is necessary to unify all the different banking systems of some European countries and the legislation connected with it. Since 2014, it is planned to introduce a unified supervision of European banks. The supervision will be carried out by the European Central Bank and the national control authorities in each country. Under the jurisdiction of the European Central Bank will get: banks with large assets, banks that have significance to the national economy of the state, the banks that are important for the whole of Europe, as well as those who receive financial aid from the European Central Bank. Other banks will continue to be monitored by local authorities, but the data will be transmitted to a central well and the European Central Bank. Summing up his report V. Martvon mentioned about a single mechanism for supervision, decision-making, issuing or revoking licenses, and one for the whole European system of protection of depositors.
Han LIHUA, Director of the Confucius Institute at the Russian State University for the Humanities, Professor speech gave a brief and capacious description of the features of reforming the economy of modern China. She noted that China's success are impressive, especially considering the fact that it has become an independent state and has started to develop only in the last 60 years. An important historic milestone for the country was 1978. Before this period the country was closed, and its economy was growing very slowly. At present, China is actively monitoring the practical implementation of the five-year economic development plans and promptly correct them if necessary.
This allows the rapid growth of the economy, that China's economy takes from the outside world, being useful to it, refusing all unacceptable. In foreign policy, the focus is on good neighborly relations.
Professor Valery LAZAREV the supervisor of the MIEP Faculty of Law, Doctor of Law spoke on the current understanding of the law. He noted that there is still no consensus among scientists’ understanding of the law. Non-classical approach to the right offers the following options: right - it's a kind of reality, right - it's a reflection, but not the reality, the right - a description, a set of language tools and standards, the right - an action that will result in court.According to the bright speaker, postmodernism overlooks the right of a very blurry and multidimensional. It is a set of ideas, but completely different. Prof. V. Lazarev expressed his belief that the post-modern understanding of the law represents a break with the past. One of the major drawbacks - the inability to fix the vectors of novelty, erasing the boundaries between the statement and the reality, the revision of the understanding of progress as positive.
Report of the Chief of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Academy of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, Candidate of Sciences Sergei LIPEN on "post-classical, and other dimensions of jurisprudence: the question of tradition and innovation in the development of a legal methodology of scientific knowledge" in fact continued the theme of the previous speaker. There is an interesting part of the plenary session - different countries, different problems, and S. Lipen drew the attention of those present at the two main points. Post-classical approaches can not be opposed to classic, and should be based on traditional approaches, but, of course, with the new trends. The post-classical approaches are mainly focused on the natural and technical sciences, so they need to be adapted for the humanities. If we talk about the law, the speaker noted, the new approaches in practice are already known, but formulated in a system of terms and concepts.
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Research Institute of legal nihilism Edward CHAIKIN attracted participants’ attention to the original interpretation of the ontology and the exegesis of censorship. According to conventional wisdom, he said, all censorship is perceived negatively. But censorship to some extent - the engine of progress. Rampant human nature is impossible to place by other methods, restrictions are needed. He mentioned that modern society have, unfortunately, lost landmarks - hence a lot of problems. For example, computer games, in which children are taught from an early age to kill, lead to the devaluation of human life as such. The volume of violence on TV, aesthetic quality of defect leads to an increase in the incidence of adolescent suicide. It the conclusion of his report, he stressed that the law is a global mechanism of censorship of human society.
The plenary session resulted by the report of the Head of the Department of Economics of the Saratov State Socio-Economic University, doctor of economic sciences, professor Nadezhda MANOHINA, who toled the participants about the new types of capital in the modern economy as a virtual, information, cognitive, creative, "Knowledge", a network of capital , kiberkapital and other. All these types of capital according to N. Manohina can be integrated with each other in different ways. In addition, the speaker highlighted the mechanisms of transferring the intangible forms of capital into quite tangible.
After the plenary session the conference was continued in sections: economic, legal, humanitarian and natural sciences.
Information about the participants of the international scientific-practical conference and topics and presentations at the sections is reflected in the conference program.
According to the results of the conference a collection of scientific articles will be published.